The outcomes of the war proved to be extremely long-lasting, as they shaped the postwar composition of forces for nearly half a century. After victory, a feeling of mistrust and threat between the former allies increased. Exhausted by war, Europe and then the whole world divided into two enemy camps. The vision of a military conflict between them—but this time a nuclear one—seemed more and more probable.
Cold War History
The main members of the victorious coalition were de facto at a state of cold war—not a military, but a geopolitical, ideological and economic confrontation. Then it gradually spread all over the world.
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For the first time in history, nobody could be sure to win or to merely survive the cold war. Thus, it could not be decided by means of a military conflict. The Cold War was, however, an actual and at times overly fierce war, even though the superpowers avoided direct military confrontation and eventually did not use their nuclear weapons.
A Brief History of the Cold War : Lee Edwards :
During nearly half a century after its end, the world was a scene of horrifying crimes, with armies and terror apparatuses being used to bloody effects in the whole Central-Eastern Europe, in European colonies, in Asia, Africa and South America—in conflicts which took the lives of millions of people, within and without the Cold War framework. It helped solve some bloody conflicts or bring them under control e.
The government is very unpopular. By October there is practically a civil war in the streets of Moscow in a showdown between the legislative and executive branch. This gets to the larger point in that, with the Soviet Union, the Bush administration was negotiating with a super-power, albeit one in a quickly weakening condition, primarily because of economic problems, but it was still more or less an equal.
With the collapse of the USSR and the emergence of the Russian Federation and all the other states, as well as the former Warsaw pact states of central and Eastern Europe, all of these new states became part of a large project of the expansion of the liberal democratic order. Russia was treated in a similar way as the others, and so the sense of being a great power, which is so significant for the Russians, was injured. So all of those things conspired to set the relationship off in a very difficult direction.
The collapse of the Soviet Union and the emergence of Russia did not mean that institutions emerged in the new Russia.
So, the people who were responsible for foreign policy decision making and security policy decision making early on in the Yeltsin era, were not people who had broad societal support. They were not people who had come to positions of power because their viewpoints were ones that were reflected in society as a whole.
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At the same time, Yeltsin was facing terrible conflict from the legislature, including from within his own bureaucracy of people who were very resentful of what they saw as him giving up everything that Russia had left to it in the time that Russia was already in bad shape. This was made worse by his alcoholism, and that he was sometimes drunk during very important meetings, which again gave an unfortunate view toward the people he was dealing with about what was really happening in Russia. On the U. Without understanding that, we cannot understand how specific decisions had an effect on the future of policy and how they were interpreted and misinterpreted.
MORAN: Over the years there have been periods of cooperation — in Afghanistan, nuclear non-proliferation … are there areas for cooperation out there today, that suggest the relationship is salvageable?
MARTEN: The areas where there were cooperation in the s, in particular that lasted over long periods of time, were in areas where you had technical experts being the ones making the policy decisions. You had significant movement forward in arms control situations. In — including the Nunn-Lugar cooperation that dealt with trying to gain control over nuclear materials that may have not been under the strictest control as the Soviet system fell apart.
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